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The main religions are Islam, Christianity (primarily Roman Catholicism), and various indigenous religions.

Originally, Portuguese and French merchant-explorers in the 15th and 16th centuries divided the west coast of Africa, very roughly, into five "coasts" reflecting local economies.

The coast that the French named the Côte d'Ivoire and the Portuguese named the Costa do Marfim—both, literally, being "Ivory Coast"—lay between what was known as the Guiné de Cabo Verde, so-called "Upper Guinea" at Cabo Verde, and Lower Guinea.

Since the end of Houphouët-Boigny's rule in 1993, Ivory Coast has experienced one coup d'état, in 1999, and two religion-grounded civil wars.

The first took place between 20 and the second during 2010-2011.

Ivory Coast is a republic with a strong executive power invested in its President.

Through the production of coffee and cocoa, the country was an economic powerhouse in West Africa during the 1960s and 1970s.

Ivory Coast went through an economic crisis in the 1980s, contributing to a period of political and social turmoil.

Changing into the 21st-century Ivorian economy is largely market-based and still relies heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash-crop production being dominant.

The official language is French, with local indigenous languages also widely used, including Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin, and Cebaara Senufo.

In total there are around 78 languages spoken in Ivory Coast.

Ivory Coast's political capital is Yamoussoukro, and its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan.

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